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Daniel 9 Seventy Weeks

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book of danielDaniel 9 Seventy Weeks ended in the 1st century, when Christ appeared in the 70th week fulfilling everything listed in Dan. 9:24, and was “cut off”. That is the abrupt end. But the angel continued to reveal what happened after Christ was crucified in a prophecy that telescopes to the end time week of seven years length. Its a separate week disconnected to the seventy weeks Christ fulfilled completely.

And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for Himself (Dan. 9:26)

After the 69th week is the 70th week and He was “cut off”, nothing more of importance occurs in that week.

The first clause of [Daniel 9] verse 26 focuses our attention upon the greatest of all events. It tells us definitely that Christ was to be “cut off, and have nothing” (the marginal reading, “and have nothing” is undoubtedly correct). He was to have no people, no throne, no place even, on earth. But to the Israelites the words “cut off and have nothing” would convey the meaning of dying without posterity, without a “generation, ” with none to perpetuate his name. This was regarded by them as the greatest of all calamities; and there was a special provision of the law whereby, in case a man should die, leaving no seed, his brother or near kinsman should “raise up the name of the dead” (De 25:5,6; Ru 4:10). But here is the astonishing statement that the long promised and ardently looked for Messiah was to be completely “cut off!” There is, in these words, a striking agreement with the prophecy of Isaiah, which contains the following: “And who shall declare His generation? For He was cut off out of the land of the living” (Isa 53:8). -Mauro, Philip. THE SEVENTY WEEKS AND THE GREAT TRIBULATION (Kindle Locations 1005-1018). Unknown. Kindle Edition.

Some reject Christ fulfilled everything arguing sin was not ended in the 1st century and therefore this prophecy must include Christ’s second coming. But sin doesn’t end at Christ’s coming, it doesn’t end until AFTER the 1000 year reign of Christ and judgment day (Rev. 20:8-15).

Therefore, sin has ended because God reconciled Himself to all creation in heaven and earth in Christ Jesus (Col. 1:20), ending all sin and transgression. All prophecy is bound up in the revelation of Christ hence its sealed, and the anointing of the Most Holy was Christ’s baptism (Mt. 3:16-17). Christ fulfilled everything written He would do.

Confirming this, it specifically applies to Daniel’s “people and upon thy holy city” (Dan. 9:24), meaning the Jews and Jewish Christians living in Jerusalem at when the Messiah died but not for Himself (for US!). Notice the Temple is not mentioned, its irrelevant. Everything is about the holy people in Jerusalem at the time of the Messiah.

But the Angel keeps talking, revealing what will happen AFTER the seventy weeks. It is implied there was a long gap between the death of Christ and the destruction of the Temple and scattering of the Jews (Lk. 21:24). This is where there is a “gap”, separating the time of Christ’s death in the Seventieth week and the Temple’s destruction 40 years later. There’s another gap in this (now telescoped prophecy) to when Hadrian forbids the Jews live in Jerusalem, total desolation of the Jewish presence. Then another Gap called the “time of the Gentiles” separates this event from the end time period covered in the Book of Revelation, well after the seventy weeks have ended. These gaps are manifest in the text, although subtly:

26 And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself:

Seventy Weeks are over. But the Angel keeps talking for our benefit:

and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof shall be with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined.

Time of the Gentiles separates the destruction by Titus and later by Hadrian causing total desolation until the end time period (Lk. 21:23-24). That’s where the big gap is, then the Antichrist appears in the end time:

27 And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate. (Dan. 9:26-27 KJV)

So Daniel 9:27 speaks of another segment of time that isn’t part of the seventy weeks, it stands alone isolated. That break between the end of desolations and the end time week when the Antichrist rises is more evident in the LXX, notice the second person pronoun “he” is absent in the Greek Septuagint of Daniel 9:27:

26 And after the sixty-two weeks, the anointed one shall be destroyed, and there is no judgment in him: and he shall destroy the city and the sanctuary with the prince that is coming: they shall be cut off with a flood, and to the end of the war which is rapidly completed he shall appoint the city to desolations.

27 And one week shall establish the covenant with many: and in the midst of the week my sacrifice and drink-offering shall be taken away: and on the temple shall be the abomination of desolations; and at the end of time an end shall be put to the desolation. (Dan. 9:26-27) LXX Benton.

While its likely this last period of time is also seven years long like the seventy weeks that ended, as its not part of the Seventy Weeks it can be shorter. Shortened lest no flesh be saved (Mt. 24:22), perhaps 2,300 days long (Dan. 8:14) or 76.66 months instead of 84 months.

However, 2,300 days (Dan. 8:14) may refer to an event before Armageddon, but after the rapture:

Then I heard one saint speaking, and another saint said unto that certain saint which spake, How long shall be the vision concerning the daily sacrifice, and the transgression of desolation, to give both the sanctuary and the host to be trodden under foot? And he said unto me, Unto two thousand and three hundred days; then shall the sanctuary (06944 קֹדֶשׁ qodesh) be cleansed (06663 צָדַק tsadaq) (Dan. 8:13-14) KJV

“Then shall the sanctuary be cleansed” can be rendered “then shall the sanctuary (=church) be justified“, that is “the holy people be made right.”

We see that happen in the book of Revelation:

2 And I saw as it were a sea of glass mingled with fire: and them that had gotten the victory over the beast, and over his image, and over his mark, and over the number of his name, stand on the sea of glass, having the harps of God.
3 And they sing the song of Moses the servant of God, and the song of the Lamb, saying, Great and marvellous are thy works, Lord God Almighty; just and true are thy ways, thou King of saints.
4 Who shall not fear thee, O Lord, and glorify thy name? for thou only art holy: for all nations shall come and worship before thee; for thy judgments are made manifest. (Rev 15:2-4) KJV

How is that possible? Isn’t it “unhistorical” to suppose Daniel is talking about people when reference is made to the “daily” offered in the Temple and this “transgression of desolation” seems similar to the “abomination of desolation” image Antiochus set up in the Temple (Dan. 11:31)?

Those who insist Daniel can only be speaking about the literal Temple of God are forgetting the vision is for the time of the end (Dan. 8:17) so words may have different content than Daniel is familiar with. That would explain Daniel’s confusion, the words did not match the vision he is seeing:

And I Daniel fainted, and was sick certain days; afterward I rose up, and did the king’s business; and I was astonished at the vision, but none understood it. (Dan 8:27) KJV

One must wonder why Daniel, who has God given insight into dark sayings (Dan. 1:7; 2:47; 4:9, 18; 5:11-12, 14, 16) did not understand a defilement of the literal Temple. How could he not? Why would that be confusing to Daniel? Answer, it wouldn’t be. Therefore, the words must have meaning unknown to Daniel.

The vision Daniel sees does not synchronize with the words (as he understands them) which the angel is speaking. He lacked the information known only in the end time that made them understandable:

8 And I heard, but I understood not: then said I, O my Lord, what shall be the end of these things?
9 And he said, Go thy way, Daniel: for the words are closed up and sealed till the time of the end. (Dan 12:8-9) KJV

This isn’t about the literal Temple, rather the vision is of the holy people singing the song of Moses and of the Lamb, but Daniel doesn’t know who the Lamb is or if this is happening on earth or in heaven (Rev. 15:34). He sees the saints praising God because now His judgments are manifest and this made them “right”, not just justifying their faith, it made them whole .

If this is correct these 2,300 days aren’t shortening the end time week as suggested in the beginning of this article, the Seven vials are yet to be poured out (Rev. 15:6-8).

As this is prophecy about the end time (Dan. 8:17) where necessary information was unknown till the end times, sealing their definition until then (Dan. 12:9), it is unhistorical to NOT interpret this text in the light of the NT appropriation of the Temple and its Daily Sacrifices to the nature and work of the church:

Future Jewish Temple?
Daily Sacrifice, Jewish or Christian?
Temple of God is the Church

Notes:

06944 קֹדֶשׁ qodesh {ko’-desh}
Meaning: 1) apartness, holiness, sacredness, separateness 1a) apartness, sacredness, holiness 1a1) of God 1a2) of places 1a3) of things 1b) set-apartness, separateness.

sanctuary (Dan. 8:13, 14; 9:26); holy mountian (Dan.9:16, 20; 11:45); holy city ; most holy (Dan. 9:24); holy covenant (Dan. 11:28, 30, 30); holy people (Dan. 12:7).

In Daniel 12:7 qodesh holy refers to the “holy people”—the wise who “set the multitude right tsadaq” (Dan. 12:3) and therefore they shine as the stars forever.

In the LXX 06944 קֹדֶשׁ qodesh is 40 ἅγιος hagios “holy” which also can refer to the sanctuary (Heb. 9:3) or the saints (Ac. 9:13).

However, translating 06663 צָדַק tsadaq as “cleansed” is strained, its literally “justified” or “made right”:

06663 צָדַק tsadaq {tsaw-dak’}
Meaning: 1) to be just, be righteous 1a) (Qal) 1a1) to have a just cause, be in the right 1a2) to be justified 1a3) to be just (of God) 1a4) to be just, be righteous (in conduct and character) 1b) (Niphal) to be put or made right, be justified 1c) (Piel) justify, make to appear righteous, make someone righteous 1d) (Hiphil) 1d1) to do or bring justice (in administering law) 1d2) to declare righteous, justify 1d3) to justify, vindicate the cause of, save 1d4) to make righteous, turn to righteousness 1e) (Hithpael) to justify oneself

Notice the process this translator goes through and it may be typical. The text didn’t make sense to him: “how can a sanctuary be justified”? Rather than conclude he lacked the wisdom to interpret what also confused Daniel, he concludes it must be corrupt:

will be purified. The Hebrew verb, weniṣdaq (the only occurrence of the niphal of ṣdq in the M2T!), should mean “will be justified.” But this can hardly be said of the sanctuary. The underlying Aramaic was surely yidkê, “will be cleansed, purified,” which was corrupted into, or misread by the translator as yizkê, “will be victorious, justified.”- Hartman, L. F., & Di Lella, A. A. (2008). The Book of Daniel: a new translation with notes and commentary on chapters 1-9 (Vol. 23, p. 227). New Haven; London: Yale University Press. Bold font mine

If the Church is the sanctuary who are the “host” (Dan. 8:13) that is trodden down?

06635 צָבָא tsaba’ {tsaw-baw’} or )fem.צְבָאָה ( tseba’ah {tseb-aw-aw’}
Meaning: 1) that which goes forth, army, war, warfare, host 1a) army, host 1a1) host (of organised army) 1a2) host (of angels) 1a3) of sun, moon, and stars 1a4) of whole creation 1b) war, warfare, service, go out to war 1c) service.

These service, go to war, angels. That rings a bell:

7 And of the angels he saith, Who maketh his angels spirits, and his ministers a flame of fire.

14 Are they not all ministering (3010 λειτουργικός leitourgikos) spirits, sent forth to minister for them who shall be heirs of salvation? (Heb 1:7, 14) KJV

3010 λειτουργικός leitourgikos {li-toorg-ik-os’}
Meaning: 1) relating to the performance of service, employed in ministering.

Angels minister in the midst of the church:

For this cause ought the woman to have power on her head because of the angels. (1Co 11:10 KJV)

Both the Church and the angels within her are “trodden down” figuratively (cp. Rev. 11:2) by the arrival of the Man of Sin false Christ who is accepted into Christendom, ending the “daily” sacrifice to God and starting the “end time clock”. (cp. Rev. 11:2). Then, 2,300 days later the church is made right in heaven praising God His judgments are made manifest, being fulfilled (Rev. 15:4) and then the bowls of God’s wrath are poured out (Rev. 16:1-21).

This still allows the end time “week” was shortened to save the elect who have yet to believe in Jesus Christ as their LORD to be saved (Rom. 10:9-13). They will be saved by grace because they vicariously received Christ by risking all they owned to help Christ’s Brethren—Christians in need during the Great Tribulation. So they are saved by grace in the Sheep and Goats Judgment (Mt. 24:22; 25:31-34) as they did not know Christ to believe in Him, but proved by their actions they would have received Him, had they known Him.

To illustrate Judgment according to works resulting in salvation by grace, consider this analogy:

Two attitudes among these drowning are manifest.

Some have faith rescue will come so they wave and cry for help to be saved. They aid others knowing judgment of their actions may follow. The others have no faith rescue will come so they do nothing and ignore the cries of others. When rescuers appear these hasten to save all indicating they want to be saved, ignoring the rest thinking them dead.

There was no quid pro quo, no service for payment received, the frantic waving, cries and helping others, none of that paid for a seat in the boat. These were saved by the undeserved kindness (grace) of the rescuers, who did all the work because they wanted to, by grace. As for those who drowned, their lack of faith doomed them.

8 For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God:
9 Not of works, lest any man should boast.

10 For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus unto good works, which God hath before ordained that we should walk in them. (Eph. 2:8-10) KJV

We are all saved by grace, because of God’s love manifested towards us (Eph. 2:4).