A scriptural definition of “Hell” (Gr. 86 ᾅδης hades; Hb. 07585 שְׁאוֹל sheol) is impossible if we confuse it with different compartments in Hell such as “Tartarus” (5020 ταρταρόω tartaroo); [spirits in] “Prison” (5438 φυλακή phulake); “Abyss” (12 ἄβυσσος abussos); “Gehenna” (1067 γέεννα geenna); “Lake” (3041 λίμνη limne) or “Furnace” (2575 κάμινος kaminos ) of fire (4442 πῦρ pur).
Nor will a scriptural definition result from erroneous theory of doctrinal development “whose implied premise is that prophecy is of private interpretation”, which contradicts 2 Peter 1:20. The spiritual reality revealed in Genesis doesn’t change in later books. Like pieces of a picture puzzle, correctly assembled the different pieces reveal the full picture. Later revelation may give us a better view of what is behind the veil, but what is being revealed has not changed. For example, Infinite God in Three persons is the same in Genesis 1:26-27, as in Matthew 28:19 or 1 John 5:7.
Finally, a scriptural definition will not include Satanic disinformation found in the apocryphal and pseudepigraphal books. Whether they are of private interpretation or demonic inspiration, they are not scripture and therefore must be rejected.
The meta-universe or Multiverse exists in the infinite mind of God (1 Ki. 8:29; Ac. 17:28; Col. 1:17). A dimensional barrier separates “the Complete” (5046 τέλειος teleios“) or “heavens” (3772 οὐρανός Ouranos; 2032 ἐπουράνιος epouranios) from the earthly “partial” (3313 μέρος meros) “universe” of our existence (1 Cor. 13:10).
Our “partial” is lacking revelation of God (1 Cor. 13:11-12) therefore, it is “less substantial” and when “the complete” arrives “the partial” shall be done away (1 Cor. 13:10; 2 Pt. 3:10, 12-13; Is. 65:17).
Within “the complete” heavenlies is the “underworld” of the dead called Hades in the NT, Sheol in the OT. Hades is divided into compartments by a great gulf (Lk. 16:26). Upon death the redeemed are “gathered to their people” (Gen. 25:8) lifted up by angels (Lk. 16:22) and taken to third heaven which is a paradise (Lk. 23:43; 2 Cor. 12:2, 4) beneath God’s altar (Rev. 6:9). There, although technically still in the “unseen realm of the dead in Hades“, they enjoy the presence of the LORD (2 Cor. 5:8) in third heaven.
The unredeemed descend into Hades in the earth where God (Ps. 139:8) judges (Heb. 9:27) the torments necessary to purge slavery to sin and restore the sinner’s free will so they can choose eternal life in Holiness and light or the Second Death in the outer darkness. [Provided they didn’t commit eternal sin. For example: Accept the Mark of the Beast (Rev. 14:9-11); Stumble a child of God (Mark 9:42); Blaspheme the Holy Spirit (Mt. 12:31-32); Curse Father or Mother (Mt. 15:4).]
Our LORD used two different words, TWICE for emphasis to describe the Rich Man’s torment. In Luke 16:24, 28 the “torment” (931 βάσανος basanos) is the kind that reveals truth that results in sorrows (3600 ὀδυνάω odunao). Sorrow is purposeless if it did not have redemption as its goal.
After being judged for sins done in the flesh, those who heed the gospel that was preached to them in Hell and choose to repent believing in Christ for salvation, then live “according to God in the Spirit” free of torment and pain, eagerly waiting (Heb. 9:27-28) for the second coming of Christ to raise them up in resurrection of life. [If they repented after His coming, they must wait for the Great White throne Judgment Day resurrection, “the day of the Lord Jesus” (1 Cor. 5:5; Rev. 20:11-15)]
27 And as it is appointed for men to die once, but after this the judgment,
28 so Christ was offered once to bear the sins of many. To those who eagerly wait for Him He will appear a second time, apart from sin, for salvation. (Heb. 9:27-28 NKJ)
5 deliver such a one to Satan for the destruction of the flesh, that his spirit may be saved in the day of the Lord Jesus. (1 Cor. 5:5 NKJ)
6 For this reason the gospel was preached also to those who are dead, that they might be judged according to men in the flesh, but live according to God in the spirit. (1 Pet. 4:6 NKJ)
16 For the Lord Himself will descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of an archangel, and with the trumpet of God. And the dead in Christ will rise first.
17 Then we who are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air. And thus we shall always be with the Lord.
18 Therefore comfort one another with these words. (1 Thess. 4:16-18 NKJ)
Those who refuse to “hear” (obey) Christ’s voice they heard while still in the gave or Hades, will come forth to a resurrection of condemnation.
28 “Do not marvel at this; for the hour is coming in which all who are in the graves will hear His voice
29 “and come forth– those who have done good, to the resurrection of life, and those who have done evil, to the resurrection of condemnation (Jn. 5:28-29 NKJ)
God will not blot out a name from His book of life if they overcome evil (Rev. 3:5; Ps. 69:28). Only those who rise up from Hades not written in the book of life are cast into the lake of fire, eternally lost:
13 The sea gave up the dead who were in it, and Death and Hades delivered up the dead who were in them. And they were judged, each one according to his works.
14 Then Death and Hades were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second death.
15 And anyone not found written in the Book of Life was cast into the lake of fire. (Rev. 20:13-21:1 NKJ)
The same happened to the “spirits in prison” who like the church gave the answer of a good conscience towards God when they heard Christ’s preaching. These ascended with Christ into paradise when Jesus rose from the dead. They were not “disobedient” as many English translations mistranslate; they were “disbelieving” (544 ἀπειθέω apeitheo) Noah’s preaching God would forgive the abomination of their hybrid Elohim-human nature. That defilement of the Temple of God (1 Cor. 3:17) corrupted the Image of God with the image of angels (Gen. 6:2, 4; 2 Pet. 2:4; Jude 1:6-7):
18 For Christ also suffered once for sins, the just for the unjust, that He might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh but made alive by the Spirit,
19 by whom also He went and preached to the spirits in prison,
20 who formerly were disobedient ([“disbelieving”] 544 ἀπειθέω apeitheo), when once the Divine longsuffering waited in the days of Noah, while the ark was being prepared, in which a few, that is, eight souls, were saved through water.
21 There is also an antitype which now saves us– baptism (not the removal of the filth of the flesh, but the answer of a good conscience toward God), through the resurrection of Jesus Christ,
22 who has gone into heaven and is at the right hand of God, angels and authorities and powers having been made subject to Him. (1 Pet. 3:18-4:1 NKJ)
Another compartment within the underworld unseen realm is a section of pure tormenting fire was prepared for the Devil and his angels (Mt. 25:41). Its also known as Gehenna, Abyss, a furnace or Lake of Fire. These all refer to this same place of torment.
To punish the apostate Church God sends the same angel who locked Satan up in Revelation 20:1-2, to release all the incorporeal demons imprisoned in the Abyss (Rev. 9:1-10).
“And they had a king over them, which is the angel of the bottomless pit, whose name in the Hebrew tongue is Abaddon, but in the Greek tongue hath his name Apollyon. (Rev. 9:11) KJV
Satan is “Ruler” (758 ἄρχων archon) of the demons” (Mt. 12:24). “Ruler” and “King” (935 βασιλεύς basileus) are synonyms. As there can be only one “ruler” or “king” over the demons, Satan must be the “angel of the abyss” (ἄγγελον τῆς ἀβύσσου).
As the “angel” or “messenger of the abyss” it is his voice of deception that is the “siren call” that fills the abyss with victims, human and angelic.
The Hebrew Name “Abaddon” confirms the “Lake of Fire” “Abyss” “Gehenna” refer to the same place (Job 2:6; 28:22; 31:12; Pr. 15:11). “Apollyon” (the Destroyer) is Greek translation for “Abaddon”. Both Judas and the “man of sin” are “son(s) of perdition (684 ἀπώλεια apoleia, “Destruction”)” (John 17:12; 2 Thess. 2:3), children of the devil (1 John 3:10) destined for perdition. Compare “twice the child of gehenna” (Mt. 23:15). As the “seed of Satan” (Gen. 3:15) the hybrid Satan-human Adonikam‘s “siren call” deceiving the entire earth fills the “Lake of Fire” with the “destroyed” (Rev. 14:9-11). Like “the broad way that leads to destruction (684 ἀπώλεια apoleia)” in Matthew 7:13, the broad way’s ‘siren call’ of sin leads to Destruction, the eternal Perdition of the lake of fire.
The abyss is also called the “lake of fire”, those cast into it on Judgment Day (Rev. 20:11-15) can never leave, they suffer “the second death” the death from which there no return (Rev. 19:20; 20:10, 14-15).
Is Torment in the Lake of Fire Eternal for all cast into it?
Just as “Seven Mountains” in Revelation 17:9-10 symbolize seven Kingdoms and seven Kings, the “Lake of Fire” symbolizes both Eternal Destruction and Eternal Torment. Fires consume “Death and Hades” so they are destroyed forever after being cast into the Lake of Fire (Rev. 20:14), but the Devil, beast and false prophet cast into the same lake of fire are “tormented day and night forever and ever” (Rev. 20:10 NKJ). Joining them are all who accept the Mark of the Beast (Rev. 14:9-11):
“And the smoke of their torment ascends forever and ever; and they have no rest day or night, who worship the beast and his image, and whoever receives the mark of his name.” (Rev. 14:11 NKJ)
If accepting the Mark of the Beast results in “eternal torment”, not accepting the Mark results in “less than eternal torment” or the warning has no meaning.
The “lake of fire” symbolizes the “second death” (Rev. 20:14)—the way back to the face of God is destroyed forever (2 Thess. 1:9). There is no resurrection or return for those who “die the death” or “second death”. Hence the destruction of Death and Hades is eternal.
So is the fate of most cast into the Lake of fire, after a period of punishment “according to their works” (Rev. 20:12-13) they cease to exist:
They are dead, they will not live; They are deceased, they will not rise. Therefore You have punished and destroyed (08045 שָׁמַד shamad ) them, And made all their memory to perish. (Isa. 26:14 NKJ)
08045 שָׁמַד shamad Meaning: 1) to destroy, exterminate, be destroyed, be exterminated -Strong’s Concordance
16 Thus says the LORD, who makes a way in the sea And a path through the mighty waters,
17 Who brings forth the chariot and horse, The army and the power (They shall lie down together, they shall not rise; They are extinguished, they are quenched like a wick): (Isa. 43:16-17 NKJ)
You shall trample the wicked, For they shall be ashes under the soles of your feet On the day that I do this,” Says the LORD of hosts. (Mal. 4:3 NKJ)
A vile resurrection body imprisons wicked souls as they rise from Hades (Dan. 12:2; Gal. 6:8) to a resurrection of condemnation (John 5:28-29). The body once misused for sin communicates only the wrath of God to the soul imprisoned within. Consuming Worms die not implies the body and soul within them also does not die, for worms would die apart from the body (Mark 9:42-49). Conversely, a body now “ashes” implies the torment communicated by the body to the soul has ended. As God alone has immortality (1 Tim. 6:16) and God destroys those who die the death (the second death); all not guilty of eternal sin suffer for a time according to their works (Rev. 20:12-13) and then are annihilated.
Satan does not rule in Hell, he and his demons fear the Abyss (Lk. 8:31; Mt. 8:29).
In that day the LORD with His severe sword, great and strong, Will punish Leviathan the fleeing serpent, Leviathan that twisted serpent; And He will slay the reptile that is in the sea. (Isa. 27:1 NKJ)
The angelic sons of God who left their proper abode (Gen. 6:2, 4) for sex with humans were cast into a separate place of darkness called Tartarus (2 Pet. 2:4; Jude 1:6). They are bound in chains waiting for their final judgment. As they are not Satan’s angels they are judged separately. As they are bound in everlasting chains, it does not appear they will be forgiven.