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The Seventy Weeks or 490 Years

seventy weeksSeventy Weeks ended in the 1st century, when Christ appeared in the 70th week fulfilling everything listed in Dan. 9:24 as a consequence of His being “cut off”.

As symbolically implied by “7 times 10”, week seventy is complete to the nth degree.

But the angel continued to reveal what happened after Christ was crucified. The prophecy telescopes to various events and then to the end time week discussed in the book of Revelation.

Remember that the prophecy states that 69 weeks of years (173,880 days) after the command goes forth to restore the city of Jerusalem the Messiah will come. If we count 173,880 days forward from 14th of March, 445 B.C.E., we come to April 6th, 32 C. E. Again this date was verified by the British royal observatory.

Here are the calculations.

March 14th 445 B.C.E. To March 14th, 32 C.E. Is 476 years.

(1 B.C. to 1 C.E. is one year. There is no year zero)

476 years x 365 days per year= 173,740 days
Add for leap years= 116 days
March 14th to April 6th= 24 days
Total = 173,880 days!

What happened on April sixth, 32 C.E.? According to Anderson’s calculations a humble carpenter rode into the east gate of Jerusalem on a donkey while the crowds cried “Hosanna! Hosanna! Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord!” This man’s name was Jesus of Nazareth. This was the first day that he allowed his followers to proclaim him as their Messiah. He had previously told them that his day had not yet come.

Mark Eastman, Blue Letter Bible. Great Read! Click here!

About a year later, April 3, 33 C.E. Christ is crucified, cut off:

The first clause of [Daniel 9] verse 26 focuses our attention upon the greatest of all events. It tells us definitely that Christ was to be “cut off, and have nothing” (the marginal reading, “and have nothing” is undoubtedly correct). He was to have no people, no throne, no place even, on earth. But to the Israelites the words “cut off and have nothing” would convey the meaning of dying without posterity, without a “generation, ” with none to perpetuate his name. This was regarded by them as the greatest of all calamities; and there was a special provision of the law whereby, in case a man should die, leaving no seed, his brother or near kinsman should “raise up the name of the dead” (Deut. 25:5,6; Ru. 4:10). But here is the astonishing statement that the long promised and ardently looked for Messiah was to be completely “cut off!” There is, in these words, a striking agreement with the prophecy of Isaiah, which contains the following: “And who shall declare His generation? For He was cut off out of the land of the living” (Isa 53:8). -Mauro, Philip. THE SEVENTY WEEKS AND THE GREAT TRIBULATION (Kindle Locations 1005-1018). Unknown. Kindle Edition.

However, this led to Christ fulfilling all of the six items listed in Daniel 9:24 within the Seventy Weeks

1. To finish the transgression

Israel would fill up the full measure of her transgression (Dan. 9:5-14) by crucifying the Messiah (Mt. 23:32-38. 1 Th. 2:15-16)

32“Fill up, then, the measure of your fathers’ guilt.

33 “Serpents, brood of vipers! How can you escape the condemnation of hell?

34 “Therefore, indeed, I send you prophets, wise men, and scribes: some of them you will kill and crucify, and some of them you will scourge in your synagogues and persecute from city to city,

35“that on you may come all the righteous blood shed on the earth, from the blood of righteous Abel to the blood of Zechariah, son of Berechiah, whom you murdered between the temple and the altar.

36 “Assuredly, I say to you, all these things will come upon this generation.

37 “O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, the one who kills the prophets and stones those who are sent to her! How often I wanted to gather your children together, as a hen gathers her chicks under her wings, but you were not willing!

38 “See! Your house is left to you desolate; (Matt. 23:32-38 NKJ)

Which led to the following being fulfilled:

2. To make an end of sins

He then would have had to suffer often since the foundation of the world; but now, once at the end of the ages, He has appeared to put away sin by the sacrifice of Himself. (Heb. 9:26 NKJ)

But this Man, after He had offered one sacrifice for sins forever, sat down at the right hand of God, (Heb. 10:12 NKJ)

3. To make reconciliation for iniquity

and by Him to reconcile all things to Himself, by Him, whether things on earth or things in heaven, having made peace through the blood of His cross. (Col. 1:20 NKJ)

18 Now all things are of God, who has reconciled us to Himself through Jesus Christ, and has given us the ministry of reconciliation,

19 that is, that God was in Christ reconciling the world to Himself, not imputing their trespasses to them, and has committed to us the word of reconciliation.

20 Now then, we are ambassadors for Christ, as though God were pleading through us: we implore you on Christ’s behalf, be reconciled to God.

21 For He made Him who knew no sin to be sin for us, that we might become the righteousness of God in Him. (2 Cor. 5:18-21 NKJ)

 

4. To bring in everlasting righteousness

21 But now the righteousness of God apart from the law is revealed, being witnessed by the Law and the Prophets,

22 even the righteousness of God, through faith in Jesus Christ, to all and on all who believe. For there is no difference;

23 for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God,

24 being justified freely by His grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus,

25whom God set forth as a propitiation by His blood, through faith, to demonstrate His righteousness, because in His forbearance God had passed over the sins that were previously committed,

26 to demonstrate at the present time His righteousness, that He might be just and the justifier of the one who has faith in Jesus. (Rom. 3:21-26 NKJ)

 

5. To seal up vision and prophecy

That is, to seal up the vision and prophecy pertinent to Transgression and Reconciliation aforementioned:

“Do not think that I came to destroy the Law or the Prophets. I did not come to destroy but to fulfill. (Matt. 5:17 NKJ)

 

“The law and the prophets were until John. Since that time the kingdom of God has been preached, and everyone is pressing into it. (Lk. 16:16 NKJ)

 

31 “Behold, the days are coming, says the LORD, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah–

32 “not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt, My covenant which they broke, though I was a husband to them, says the LORD.

33 “But this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, says the LORD: I will put My law in their minds, and write it on their hearts; and I will be their God, and they shall be My people.

34 “No more shall every man teach his neighbor, and every man his brother, saying,`Know the LORD,’ for they all shall know Me, from the least of them to the greatest of them, says the LORD. For I will forgive their iniquity, and their sin I will remember no more.” (Jer. 31:31-34 NKJ)

 

6. To anoint the Most Holy

At Jesus’ Exaltation God anointed Him with gladness:

8 But to the Son He says: “Your throne, O God, is forever and ever; A scepter of righteousness is the scepter of Your Kingdom.

9 You have loved righteousness and hated lawlessness; Therefore God, Your God, has anointed You With the oil of gladness more than Your companions.” (Heb. 1:8-9 NKJ)

 

(Compare: καὶ εὐφρᾶναι ἅγιον ἁγίων “and to gladden a holy of holies.” Dan. 9:24 NETS)

 

But I saw no temple in it, for the Lord God Almighty and the Lamb are its temple. (Rev. 21:22 NKJ)

19 Jesus answered and said to them, “Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up.”

20 Then the Jews said, “It has taken forty-six years to build this temple, and will You raise it up in three days?”

21 But He was speaking of the temple of His body.

22 Therefore, when He had risen from the dead, His disciples remembered that He had said this to them; and they believed the Scripture and the word which Jesus had said. (Jn. 2:19-22 NKJ)

Confirming this, it specifically applies to Daniel’s “people” (Dan. 9:24). It is the height of Jewish transgression rejecting the Messiah that leads to the fulfillment of all prophesied to occur in that verse.

But the Angel keeps talking, revealing what will happen AFTER the seventy weeks. There is a long gap implicit in the verse between the death of Christ and the destruction of the Temple and scattering of the Jews about forty years later (Lk. 21:24).

 

There’s another gap in this (now telescoped prophecy) to Hadrian. While the “time of the Gentiles” began with the destruction of the Temple, it was the Bar Kokhba revolt about 130 C.E. that began the 1900+ year diaspora in earnest. Captives were led off as slaves.

These gaps are implicit in the text, but faintly. As is true of other telescoped prophecy (Lk. 4:19-20; Isa. 61:2-7).

26 And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself:

Seventy Weeks are over. But the Angel keeps talking for our benefit:

and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof shall be with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined.

Time of the Gentiles separates the destruction by Titus and later by Hadrian causing total desolation until the end time period (Lk. 21:23-24). That’s where the big gap is, then the Antichrist appears in the end time:

27 And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate. (Dan. 9:26-27 KJV)

So Daniel 9:27 speaks of another segment of time that isn’t part of the seventy weeks, it stands alone isolated. That break between the end of desolations and the end time week when the Antichrist rises is more evident in the LXX, notice the second person pronoun “he” is absent in the Greek Septuagint of Daniel 9:27:

26 And after the sixty-two weeks, the anointed one shall be destroyed, and there is no judgment in him: and he shall destroy the city and the sanctuary with the prince that is coming: they shall be cut off with a flood, and to the end of the war which is rapidly completed he shall appoint the city to desolations.

27 And one week shall establish the covenant with many: and in the midst of the week my sacrifice and drink-offering shall be taken away: and on the temple shall be the abomination of desolations; and at the end of time an end shall be put to the desolation. (Dan. 9:26-27) LXX Benton.

While its likely this last period of time is also seven years long like the seventy weeks that ended, as its not part of the Seventy Weeks it can be shorter. Shortened lest no flesh be saved (Mt. 24:22), perhaps 2,300 days long (Dan. 8:14) or 76.66 months instead of 84 months.

However, 2,300 days (Dan. 8:14) may refer to an event before Armageddon, but after the rapture:

Then I heard one saint speaking, and another saint said unto that certain saint which spake, How long shall be the vision concerning the daily sacrifice, and the transgression of desolation, to give both the sanctuary and the host to be trodden under foot? And he said unto me, Unto two thousand and three hundred days; then shall the sanctuary (06944 קֹדֶשׁ qodesh) be cleansed (06663 צָדַק tsadaq) (Dan. 8:13-14) KJV

“Then shall the sanctuary be cleansed” can be rendered “then shall the sanctuary (=church) be justified“, that is “the holy people be made right.”

We see that happen in the book of Revelation:

2 And I saw as it were a sea of glass mingled with fire: and them that had gotten the victory over the beast, and over his image, and over his mark, and over the number of his name, stand on the sea of glass, having the harps of God.
3 And they sing the song of Moses the servant of God, and the song of the Lamb, saying, Great and marvellous are thy works, Lord God Almighty; just and true are thy ways, thou King of saints.
4 Who shall not fear thee, O Lord, and glorify thy name? for thou only art holy: for all nations shall come and worship before thee; for thy judgments are made manifest. (Rev 15:2-4) KJV

How is that possible? Isn’t it “unhistorical” to suppose Daniel is talking about people when reference is made to the “daily” offered in the Temple and this “transgression of desolation” seems similar to the “abomination of desolation” image Antiochus set up in the Temple (Dan. 11:31)?

God the Holy Spirit dwelt in Daniel (Dan. 4:8. Cp. Lk. 1:15) granting him “knowledge, understanding, interpreting dreams, solving riddles, and explaining enigmas (Dan. 5:12 NKJ).

So why didn’t Daniel understand his own End Time prophecy? Nothing in it was mysterious to him. The “holy” (06944 קֹדֶשׁ qodesh) “people” (05971 עַם `am), the “Daily” (08548 תָּמִיד tamiyd), the “abomination” (08251 שִׁקּוּץ shiqquwts) of “Desolation” (08074 שָׁמֵם shamem) are things he fully understood. Yet Daniel says: ” Although I heard, I did not understand” (Dan. 12:8):

7 Then I heard the man clothed in linen, who was above the waters of the river, when he held up his right hand and his left hand to heaven, and swore by Him who lives forever, that it shall be for a time, times, and half a time; and when the power of the holy people has been completely shattered, all these things shall be finished.
8 Although I heard, I did not understand. Then I said, “My lord, what shall be the end of these things?”
9 And he said, “Go your way, Daniel, for the words are closed up and sealed till the time of the end.
10 “Many shall be purified, made white, and refined, but the wicked shall do wickedly; and none of the wicked shall understand, but the wise shall understand.
11 “And from the time that the daily sacrifice is taken away, and the abomination of desolation is set up, there shall be one thousand two hundred and ninety days.
12 “Blessed is he who waits, and comes to the one thousand three hundred and thirty-five days.
13 “But you, go your way till the end; for you shall rest, and will arise to your inheritance at the end of the days.” (Dan. 12:7-13 NKJ)

This is like a puzzle. We have pieces to fit together, then its picture is revealed.

When Daniel asks the angel explain the prophecy, he declines explaining the words are sealed to the end. 1. Either God will unseal them in the end time supernaturally, reveal hidden meaning not known before. 2. End time events will reveal these words have new application, while retaining the essence of their original meaning.

Number 2 is correct, because “many…will understand” (Dan. 12:10) in the end time, not only prophets God might reveal hidden things to.

When a Bible Believer reads this text, having knowledge of things unknown to Daniel, he will interpret OT Temple imagery the way the New Testament does, applying it to Church the real Temple of God in the End Time. Hence, “the wise shall understand”. Bible believers are the wise referred to here, because Scripture makes even a child “wise unto salvation” (2 Timothy 2:15-17). Scripture interprets scripture.

As Christ fulfilled the law the “continual” [08548 תָּמִיד tamiyd] sacrifice (ἡ θυσία δι παντoς, LXX) is now a function of Christ’s ministry. Confirming this, the apostles apply Old Testament Temple imagery to the Church, calling it “the Temple of God” (1 Cor. 3:16-17; 6:19; 2 Cor. 6:16; 2 Thess. 2:4; Eph. 2:21). Its members Temple priests (1 Pet. 2:5). We offer up “the Daily Sacrifice”::

you also, as living stones, are being built up a spiritual house, a holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God through Jesus Christ. (1 Pet. 2:5) NKJ

As we take up Christ’s cross daily (Lk. 9:23) our sacrifice and service is continual:

Therefore by Him let us continually offer the sacrifice of praise to God, that is, the fruit of our lips, giving thanks to His name. (Heb. 13:15) NKJ

I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that you present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable to God, which is your reasonable service. (Rom. 12:1) NKJ

Now that we have the “interpretive keys” to understanding the prophecy Daniel could not, lets interpret it:

7 Then I heard the man clothed in linen, who was above the waters of the river, when he held up his right hand and his left hand to heaven, and swore by Him who lives forever, when the Man of Sin morphs into the 666 Beast (2Th. 2:3-4) at “mid-week”, all things will be fulfilled within three and a half years (Rev. 13:4-5. Seven years total).

8 Although I heard, I did not understand. Then I said, “My lord, what shall be the end of these things?”
9 And he said, “Go your way, Daniel, for the words are closed up and sealed till the time of the end.

10 “Many shall be purified, made white, and refined, but the wicked shall do wickedly; and none of the wicked shall understand, but the wise shall understand .

11 “And from the time that the daily of Christians is taken away by their apostasy (so the count begins at the start of the end time week), when the Man of Sin appears and is hailed as “the Christ”, there will be 1260 days. Then he morphs into the 666 Beast Adonikam at “midweek”. An additional 30 days passes when Britain and America join the Revived Roman Empire of the Beast and set up his 666 image mark membership only economy. To buy or sell his Mark must be on hand or forehead and all who refuse to take it will be slain (Rev. 13:11-18). 1260+30=1290 days.

This is the Great Tribulation, it will last 45 days during which most of the Church will be martyred. The Harlot Babylon’s religious ministry has no place in the New World Religion of the Beast so it is burned with fire (Rev. 14:8-12; 7:9-14).

12 “Blessed is he who waits, and comes to the one thousand three hundred and thirty-five days, for you will be raptured (Rev. 14:12-16).

13 “But you, go your way till the end; for you shall rest, and will arise to your inheritance at the end of the days.” (Dan. 12:7-13)